August 2002










































August 1, 2002
Israeli troops led by 150 armored vehicles moved into Nablus and entered the narrow alleyways of its Old City early Friday, apparently retaliating for a bombing in Jerusalem that killed five Americans and two Israelis

FBI and Postal Service agents wearing protective gloves conducted a second search Thursday at the apartment of a former Army researcher considered a "person of interest" in the investigation of last year's deadly anthrax mailings.

A day after a bombing that killed seven people, including five Americans, U.S. students opened a new summer session at Hebrew University in mourning Thursday, saying they wouldn't be driven away by the attack.

President Bush and a key Arab ally, Jordan's King Abdullah, found themselves in disagreement Thursday over a possible U.S. attack to topple Iraqi President Saddam Hussein and over the pace of American peacemaking in the Middle East

A post-Saddam Iraq could fall into chaos if the United States and other nations aren't prepared to take an active, expensive role in rebuilding it.  If the U.S. is going to take responsibility for removing the current leadership, it should assume that it cannot get the results it wants cheap,

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August 2, 2002
The government must reveal the names of those held in the investigation of the Sept. 11 attacks, a federal judge ruled Friday, rejecting claims terrorists could use the information to plot new crimes.

The Israeli army blew up two buildings with explosives labs and arrested at least 50 Palestinians in house to house searches Friday as troops took control of Nablus, a city Israel called "the main factory of suicide bombings."

Secretary-General Kofi Annan welcomed Iraq's invitation for weapons inspectors to visit Baghdad but cautioned Friday that Iraq's agenda was at odds with Security Council resolutions on the resumption of the inspections.

The Bush administration on Friday seized on a diplomatic opening from Iraq by renewing a U.S. demand for unfettered international inspection of suspected weapons sites.  What the Iraqi leader must do is unequivocally agree to inspections, "anytime, anywhere," not propose negotiations

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August 3, 2002
Israeli soldiers pried open boarded-up shops and searched houses in Nablus on Saturday, pressing their latest siege to root out militant cells Israel says are responsible for recent attacks.

Taiwan's president said Saturday the island "is not someone else's province" but rather an independent country separate from China bold comments that risk enraging Taiwan's giant communist rival.

Germany backs U.S. efforts to combat terrorism, but its "checkbook" may not be open to support an American attack against Iraq, Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder said Saturday.

Hundreds of people marched on a provincial center Saturday to protest what they said was a U.S. helicopter attack that killed one Afghan and the U.S. military's detention of five others from the same village, local officials reported.

Secretary of State Colin Powell finished off his eight-nation Asia tour Saturday and said he has seen progress in cooperation among Southeast Asian nations in fighting terrorism.  Washington fears Muslim extremism could fester in the region and provide al-Qaida with an alternative base after being driven out of Afghanistan

A tribal elder who hid for weeks to avoid arrest after al-Qaida fighters using his house killed 10 Pakistani soldiers in a shoot-out has surrendered to local authorities.  The soldiers were killed and several others wounded in the ensuing gunbattle. Two suspected al-Qaida fighters were also killed.  Pakistani authorities subsequently demolished Sarkakhel's two houses as a warning to residents not to support al-Qaida holdouts

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August 4, 2002
A Palestinian suicide bomber blew up a bus in northern Israel during the morning rush hour Sunday, killing himself and nine passengers on a day punctuated by violence from the rolling hills of the Galilee to Jerusalem's Old City to the Mediterranean beach front.

War against Iraq is likely, said a senator exploring U.S. options, and other lawmakers joined him Sunday in pressing the Bush administration to make the case to Congress before any attack.

Two people including an 8-year-old girl were killed and several others were injured Sunday when a car bomb exploded in front of a military police barracks in southeastern Spain

The leader of a major political party said he will try to overturn reforms granting minority rights to Kurds and abolishing the death penalty measures passed by parliament to boost Turkey's bid to join the European Union

Senate leaders agreed Sunday that members of Congress should not submit to lie detector tests as part of an FBI  investigation of intelligence leaks.  "I think it's a bad idea. I think that it's an infringement constitutionally on the legislative branch. And I don't think there's much support for it," said Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle, D-S.D.

The United Nations chief arms inspector said he will not go to Iraq for technical talks until Baghdad approves the return of weapons inspectors.  In comments published Sunday in the London-based pan-Arab Al-Hayat newspaper, Hans Blix said such a visit would only raise expectations and potentially create a crisis if talks broke down between him and Iraqi officials.

A tape of emergency radio transmissions on Sept. 11 shows that firefighters reached the burning 78th floor of the south tower where the jetliner sliced through, nearly 30 floors higher than officials had estimated.  Four people who have listened to the tape said at least two firefighters reached the crash site and were helping the injured

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August 5, 2002
Israel struck back at the Palestinians on Monday following a day of deadly attacks, firing missiles at a suspected weapons factory in the Gaza Strip and announcing a ban on Palestinian travel in the northern West Bank.

The Justice Department has lost track of 775 weapons and 400 laptop computers, more than half of which may have contained national security or sensitive law enforcement information, an internal investigation found.

Masked gunmen firing Kalashnikov rifles burst through the front gates of a Christian school Monday, killing six people and wounding three in the latest attack against Western interests since Pakistan joined the war against terrorism.

Israeli helicopters fired missiles at a suspected weapons factory in Gaza City late Monday, injuring four people in a strike that followed attacks on Israelis that killed 13 people in 24 hours

The White House on Monday rejected an Iraqi offer to let members of Congress tour suspected biological, chemical and nuclear weapons sites.  Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld stressed the difficulty of locating Iraq's weapons caches since some are underground and others mobile.  "I can't think of anything funnier than a handful of congressmen walking around. They'd have to be there for the next 50 years trying to find something. It's a joke,"

Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres and Egyptian leaders aired their differences on Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat's leadership Monday, but both agreed a political solution was the only way to ensure calm.

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August 6, 2002
Israeli tanks and armored vehicles, backed by helicopters, pressed into the Gaza Strip early Wednesday, firing at houses and prompting hospitals to go on alert for casualties

Secretary-General Kofi Annan sought Iraq's acceptance Tuesday of a Security Council roadmap for the return of U.N. weapons inspectors, rejecting Baghdad's latest proposal for overcoming the impasse over Saddam Hussein's weapons program.

One day after Beijing unleashed angry protests, Taiwan's leader backed away Tuesday from his assertion that Taiwan and China are separate countries, opting for a more fuzzy claim that both sides are "sovereign" with "parity."

Israeli troops killed the suspected mastermind of a Tel Aviv suicide bombing on Tuesday, while U.S. diplomats said the United States was considering moving consular offices out of traditionally Arab east Jerusalem due to security concerns.

World leaders will light an eternal flame, the governor will deliver the Gettysburg Address, and former Mayor Rudolph Giuliani will lead a reading of the names of 2,823 victims during a day of "simple and powerful" observances marking the anniversary of the World Trade Center attack.

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August 7, 2002
Huge explosions rocked the area around Colombia's parliament and presidential palace Wednesday as hard-liner Alvaro Uribe was sworn in as president of this troubled country. At least 12 people were killed and 28 wounded

Saudi Arabia will not give the United States access to bases in the kingdom for an attack on Saddam Hussein, but the foreign minister said Wednesday the longtime U.S. ally does not plan to expel American forces from an air base used for flights to monitor Iraq.

Raising fresh doubts about security in this troubled capital, gunmen assaulted a hilltop Afghan army post Wednesday, touching off a running, three-hour gunbattle that killed 16 people on Kabul's southern outskirts.

The Palestinians accepted Israel's proposal for a withdrawal of troops from parts of the West Bank and Gaza Strip even as Israeli soldiers killed six Palestinians in separate raids Wednesday.

The body of Daniel Pearl, the Wall Street Journal journalist kidnapped and slain by Islamic militants, left Pakistan early Thursday en route to the United States, Pakistani aviation officials said.

Two laptop computers are missing from the military command center coordinating the war in Afghanistan, including one with classified information  Central Command would not release further details, such as what information was stored on the computers and what office or person was responsible for them.

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August 8, 2002
Ever defiant, Saddam Hussein organized a big military parade Thursday and then warned "the forces of evil" not to attack Iraq as he sought once more to shift the debate away from world demands that he live up to agreements that ended the Gulf War.

The body of Daniel Pearl, the Wall Street Journal journalist kidnapped and slain by Islamic militants, was returned Thursday to the United States

Undaunted by a deadly mortar attack during his inauguration the day before, President Alvaro Uribe vowed Thursday to proceed with plans to create a force of 1 million Colombians to report on rebel groups the government has been fighting for years

Six weeks after President Bush demanded a new Palestinian leadership, his administration welcomed three Cabinet ministers appointed by Yasser Arafat and reaffirmed support Thursday for establishment of a Palestinian state.

Jurors in the trial of accused Sept. 11 conspirator Zacarias Moussaoui will be drawn back to the day of the attacks through videos of the burning and collapsing World Trade Center and family pictures of victims.

The family of a man killed in the World Trade Center attack has accepted a $1.04 million award from the federal victims compensation fund, the first to acknowledge accepting such a payout.  The victim was a recent college graduate in his 20s, who was unmarried and without children, and who earned nearly $60,000 a year in the financial services industry.  The fund, created by Congress after Sept. 11 and run by Kenneth Feinberg, awarded the man $1.19 million for his unfulfilled financial potential and for the family's pain and suffering minus life insurance and workers compensation payments.

Colombia's new president, undaunted by a mortar attack that killed 17 people in the capital during his inauguration, urged Colombians on Thursday to put aside fear and work together for peace.

A coalition of Iraqi opposition groups will present a unified stand when they meet Friday with State and Defense Department officials to discuss ways of deposing President Saddam Hussein 

New information warning of possible terrorist threats against bridges has been received by United States intelligence agencies, but officials played down its significance today, saying its credibility is uncertain.

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August 9, 2002
As the administration intensified contacts with Iraqi opposition leaders, President Bush said Friday he has no timetable for deciding on a military strike against Iraq and may not decide this year.

Two laptop computers that had been missing from the military command center coordinating the war in Afghanistan were recovered Friday, and a suspect was in custody

A thunderous explosion at a construction company rocked Jalalabad Friday, devastating the surrounding neighborhood and blacking out power to this eastern Afghan city. Up to 25 people were reported killed and 90 injured.

The Justice Department argued Friday that a three-judge appeals panel ignored Supreme Court rulings when it found that reciting the Pledge of Allegiance in public schools is unconstitutional.

On the eve of the Palestinian security minister's talks with the CIA director, a Palestinian official said Friday his side was "exerting every possible effort" to achieve peace.  Palestinian Cabinet Secretary Ahmed Abdel Rahman rejected Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's charges that the Palestinians were not ready to make peace.

The Bush administration is appealing a judge's order that the Justice Department must reveal the names of all those held in the investigation of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks.  U.S. District Judge Gladys Kessler ruled last week that the Justice Department has not proven the need for a blanket policy of secrecy about more than 1,000 people picked up since the jetliner attacks.

Assailants hurled grenades at worshippers leaving church Friday, killing three Pakistani women and reinforcing fears that Islamic militants are targeting Christians and Westerners in Pakistan in retaliation for the government's support for the U.S.-led war on terrorism.

The FBI has sent a team of behavioral scientists to create psychological profiles of suspected al-Qaida imprisoned at the U.S. Naval Base in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

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August 10, 2002
President Bush said Saturday he is consulting with Congress and U.S. allies about Iraq and he branded Saddam Hussein "an enemy until proven otherwise."

CIA director George J. Tenet held a pivotal meeting Saturday with Yasser Arafat's interior minister as the Palestinians push for completion of a U.S. plan to improve security on the West Bank.

Dr. Steven J. Hatfill, a former Army researcher under scrutiny in the FBI's anthrax probe, plans to make his first public statement addressing his involvement in the investigation on Sunday.  Law enforcement officials have said that Hatfill, 48, is not a suspect and that no evidence links him to the anthrax letters last fall. They have described him as a "person of interest" in their investigation.

A construction company warehouse that blew up, killing at least 14 people and devastating an Afghan neighborhood, held stocks of explosives for road building that may have detonated accidentally

A key aide to Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat called an Israeli military withdrawal the best way of ensuring the American vision of a Palestinian state one of the topics discussed during meetings in Washington

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August 11, 2002
A bioweapons expert under scrutiny for the anthrax attacks fiercely denied any involvement with the tainted letters and said Sunday he had cooperated with the investigation only to see his life and work destroyed through speculation and innuendo

US Airways, hard hit by slumping travel after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection Sunday

Members of Congress said Sunday that President Bush has not yet made his case for an invasion of Iraq, although they would support him if there is evidence Saddam Hussein may use weapons of mass destruction

Pending a final environmental review, the Energy Department is expected to move as much as several tons of plutonium and weapons-grade uranium from a federal research laboratory in New Mexico to Nevada because of security concerns

Police seized weapons and explosives in two early morning raids Sunday as provincial authorities and central government officials disagreed over whether a deadly blast was the work of terrorists or simply an accident

Sixteen suspected al-Qaida fighters who fled Afghanistan were handed over by Iran to Saudi Arabia, which is interrogating them

As the first anniversary of the Sept. 11 tragedy approaches, plans for the World Trade Center site are in disarray, tainted by criticism that they're boring and small-minded.  The negative feedback, especially from the loved ones of survivors, has the attention of state and city officials, who say they will pursue more creative alternatives to plans put together by the prestigious architectural firm of Beyer Blinder Belle.

Investigators in Pakistan suspect that members of the pro-al-Qaida Jaish-e-Mohammed group were involved in recent attacks against Christians.  Suicide squads from outlawed extremist groups are planning more attacks on important Pakistani officials, foreigners and Christians to destabilize military ruler Gen. Pervez Musharraf's government because of its ongoing support for the U.S. war against terrorism

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August 12, 2002
A senior Iraqi official said Monday there is no need for U.N. weapons inspectors to return to Baghdad and branded as a "lie" allegations that Saddam Hussein still has weapons of mass destruction.

President Bush plans to announce at an economic forum Tuesday that he will not release $5.1 billion officially earmarked for combatting terrorism some of which Congress designated for purposes unrelated to homeland security

A military court on Monday approved the expulsion of three Palestinian relatives of suspected terrorists from the West Bank to Gaza, the Israeli military said

Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill doesn't see the U.S. economy falling back into a recession, despite stock market turbulence, Americans' eroding confidence and a fitful recovery.

Investigators probing last fall's anthrax attacks have no physical evidence linking Dr. Steven J. Hatfill to the crime, but they are not prepared to clear him

A federal judge gave US Airways approval Monday to continue operations temporarily while it tries to reorganize its finances under bankruptcy protection.  US Airways, the nation's seventh-largest carrier, became the first major airline to declare bankruptcy since last year's terrorist hijackings. The filing came 11 months to the day after the industry was rocked by the attacks.

Pakistan's main opposition alliance accused President Gen. Pervez Musharraf on Monday of pre-election "rigging" by ordering provincial government officials to help parties that favor him.

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August 13, 2002
Seeking to stem 18 months of heavy losses, American Airlines said Tuesday it would cut 7,000 jobs and trim more flights as it tries to slim down and compete better with low-cost carriers.  American, the world's largest carrier, said the restructuring, plus earlier cost-cutting steps, would save $1.1 billion a year and help ensure its long-term survival.  The company has lost $2.8 billion since the beginning of last year, with the heaviest losses coming after Sept. 11.

Iran is allowing al-Qaida terrorists to cross its borders from neighboring Afghanistan, Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld said Tuesday, suggesting that Tehran is at cross-purposes with the Bush administration's campaign to round up al-Qaida's leaders.

The two Koreas held productive talks on key projects Tuesday, but North Korea  threatened to withdraw from an agreement with the United States to freeze its suspected nuclear weapons program in exchange for two reactors.

Israel's Supreme Court temporarily blocked the expulsion of relatives of Palestinian terror suspects from the West Bank to the Gaza Strip on Tuesday, as troops demolished the homes of two Palestinian militiamen.  House demolitions and expulsion orders are part of Israel's intensifying effort to prevent attacks by punishing the assailants' families. Human rights groups say the measures amount to collective punishment and violate international law.

President Mohammad Khatami of Iran struck out at President Bush and other senior American officials at a news conference here today, saying they had "misused" the Sept. 11 attacks on the United States "to create an atmosphere of violence and war" across the world that could sow the seeds for still more destruction.

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August 14, 2002
United Airlines warned Wednesday that it will file for bankruptcy,  The announcement steps up the pressure on unions that so far have balked at pay cuts United says are necessary to stem massive losses. The warning comes three days after US Airways filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy and a day after American Airlines announced severe cutbacks. court protection this fall unless it succeeds in lowering costs through a dramatic restructuring.  

In the theatrical opening to the groundbreaking trial of a Palestinian leader, Marwan Barghouti raised his manacled hands Wednesday and denied Israeli charges that he orchestrated more than three dozen attacks against Israelis.

U.S. intelligence agencies detected signs that Iraq may be moving material or equipment out of a suspected biological weapons facility near Baghdad.  U.S. officials who spoke on condition of anonymity said spy satellites spotted trucks at the Taji complex, which includes the suspected biological weapons facility as well as a missile production plant.

South and North Korea agreed Wednesday to hold family reunions and resume contacts on a range of issues, signaling the resumption of their reconciliation process after months of tension.

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August 15, 2002
A federal judge ruled Thursday that the Bush administration does not have to immediately reveal the names of those detained in the investigation of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks. U.S. District Judge Gladys Kessler issued a stay of her earlier order to give government lawyers more time to appeal. Kessler said the stay will remain in effect until a federal appeals court has ruled in the matter

More than 600 family members of Sept. 11 victims filed a 15-count, trillion-dollar federal lawsuit Thursday against Saudi officials and institutions, charging they financed Osama bin Laden's terrorist network. The suit, modeled after action filed against Libya in the Pan Am flight 103 disaster, seeks to cripple banks, charities and some members of the Saudi royal family as well as vengeance for the families of those who perished

The last time Peter M. Murphy was in his Pentagon office, he was scrambling through the smoke to escape a terrorist-hijacked jetliner that slammed into the building.  The reoccupied areas are all on the fourth floor of the Pentagon's outer ring, above the spot where hijackers flew American Airlines Flight 77 into the building. The plane pierced three of the five rings of offices in the Pentagon and collapsed part of the five-story outer ring, killing 125 people in the building and all 64 on the plane.

The ruling Revolutionary Command Council on Thursday nominated President Saddam Hussein for another term.  INA said the council, Iraq's top decision-making body, re-nominated Saddam because "his leadership of the revolution and the state ... has been a strong guarantee for protecting Iraq's independence and continuing on the march to development despite the imperialist and Zionists' plots and the unjust embargo imposed on our people

Palestinians threatened new reprisals Thursday after a civilian was shot and killed when Israeli troops forced him to carry a message to Hamas militant who depended on a wheelchair. Israeli forces then bulldozed the militant's house, killing him in the rubble.

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August 16, 2002
Turning aside government objections, a federal judge Friday postponed the trial of accused Sept. 11 conspirator Zacarias Moussaoui until Jan. 6 after concluding the defense couldn't be ready this fall.

The head of the troubled Immigration and Naturalization Service announced Friday that he'll retire at the end of the year, culminating a short term at the helm of an agency that critics said was ill-prepared for Sept. 11 and slow to react.

President Bush said Friday that although he is listening to the Iraq debate, his decision on how to oust Saddam Hussein will be based on fresh intelligence reports and on how to protect America and its allies.

Israeli soldiers destroyed two houses belonging to suspected West Bank militants Friday and reportedly arrested a Palestinian sniper they link to the shooting death last year of an Israeli baby.

Israel is urging U.S. officials not to delay a military strike against Iraq's Saddam Hussein saying Israeli intelligence officials have gathered evidence that Iraq is speeding up efforts to produce biological and chemical weapons.  The United States has been considering a military campaign against Iraq to remove Saddam from power, listing him as one of the world's main terrorist regimes. However, there is considerable world opposition to a U.S. strike.

American troops will be needed in Afghanistan for many years to ensure that the war-ravaged country does not revert to a haven for terrorists.  Noting that the United States has long-term military commitments in many countries, General Franks singled out Korea, where tens of thousands of American forces have been stationed for half a century.

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August 17, 2002
Iraq and Russia are close to signing a $40 billion economic cooperation plan, Iraq's ambassador said Saturday, a deal that could put Moscow at odds with the United States as it considers a military attack against Baghdad.

The USS John F. Kennedy returned home Saturday to thousands of joyous family members welcoming home sailors who spent six months fighting the war on terrorism.

Palestinians in the divided West Bank city of Hebron chafed against the Israeli curfew reimposed Saturday while a report of an army contingency plan to expel Yasser Arafat further inflamed Israeli-Palestinian tensions.

The powerful Afghan defense minister said Saturday he and President Hamid Karzai are a "team" working toward a united Afghanistan, and news reports of an explosive rift between them are "irresponsible."

Two British peacekeeping soldiers died of gunshot wounds late Friday in Kabul, but the local British command said enemy fire was not involved.  Only the two soldiers were involved in the shooting, it said, and they were not publicly identified immediately. "No other person or party is thought to have been involved in this incident," said Col. Simon Levey, commanding officer of British forces here.

Pakistan is seeking the release of dozens of its nationals held at the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, because of alleged links to Osama bin Laden's terror network.  A team of Pakistan anti-terrorism experts visited Guantanamo recently to interrogate Pakistanis and others held there. Most of the 40 to 45 Pakistani prisoners there were not hardcore al-Qaida members but simply ordinary people who went to Afghanistan to fight for the Taliban

The Bush administration has reportedly approved a plan designed to initiate an evacuation of the nation's more than 2 million federal workers within 15 minutes if there is a broad attack or threat from nuclear, chemical or biological weapons.

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August 18, 2002
Israeli and Palestinian security officials reached agreement Sunday on a plan for Israeli troops to withdraw from parts of the Gaza Strip and from the West Bank town of Bethlehem,

A confidential U.N. memorandum found evidence to justify a "full-fledged criminal investigation" into the deaths in Afghanistan of hundreds of Taliban prisoners held by the U.S.-backed northern alliance

If President Bush orders military action against Iraq, he will fully explain to Americans his decision to try to remove Saddam Hussein from power

The U.S. Postal Service tested two New Jersey mail processing centers for anthrax Sunday as federal authorities investigate whether spores found in a Princeton mailbox had been there since tainted letters surfaced last fall.

Bahrain, a key U.S. ally in the Persian Gulf region, joined Iran on Sunday in opposing American military action against Iraq.  "Iran and Bahrain declare their determined opposition to any unilateral military action against Iraq," said a joint statement issued at the end of a two-day visit to Tehran by Bahrain's king, Sheik Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa.

Managers at some major airports believe big travel problems could lie ahead come the Dec. 31 deadline to begin inspecting every piece of checked luggage for explosives. They also are raising questions about whether the bomb-screening equipment is sophisticated enough and in adequate supply.

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August 19, 2002
Israel withdrew its soldiers from Bethlehem early Tuesday, part of the first Israeli-Palestinian security agreement in a year that tests the waters for more handovers.

The medical examiner's office on Monday released the first comprehensive accounting of World Trade Center victims a list of 2,819 names that reduces the toll by four, the first change in the overall number in months.

Abu Nidal, a Palestinian schoolteacher-turned-terrorist mastermind, was reported Monday to have died in Baghdad of multiple gunshot wounds after directing two decades of killings across half the world.

Managers of 133 airports that handle three-fourths of the nation's air travelers asked the Senate on Monday to extend the year-end deadline for screening all luggage for bombs

Thousands of people waved Afghan flags and cheered as soldiers, tanks and armored vehicles paraded by Monday to mark this former Taliban stronghold's first Independence Day celebration in two decades.

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August 20, 2002
Without firing a shot, masked German police commandos freed two senior diplomats from armed men who stormed the Iraqi embassy Monday, bringing a bloodless end to a five-hour hostage drama by a previously unknown group opposed to Saddam Hussein.

Israeli undercover soldiers shot and killed the brother of a radical Palestinian leader after he fired at them first, the military said Tuesday, as violence marred the first day of a security arrangement designed to lead to a truce after nearly two years of fighting

As much as President Bush wants to see Saddam Hussein toppled, the United States does not condone hostage-taking in pursuit of that goal.  The Iraqi dissidents who occupied their country's embassy in Germany for five hours Tuesday to press for Saddam's ouster "undermine legitimate efforts by Iraqis both inside and outside Iraq to bring regime change to Iraq

Investigators believe the San Diego-based Sept. 11 hijackers who helped crash an airliner into the Pentagon initially were sent to California to pinpoint targets in the Navy's largest West Coast port

U.S. troops seized a large number of weapons along the Pakistani border and arrested four people in a sweep of a pro-Taliban village in separate operations in southeastern Afghanistan  The weapons were found in three hide-outs in the village of Shkin in Paktika province, Col. Roger King told reporters. The largest, recovered Saturday with the help of Afghan militiamen, included rocket-propelled grenades, anti-tank and anti-personnel mines, a 12.7 mm machine gun and assorted munitions.

Surrounded by his key lieutenants and masked, gun-toting bodyguards, Osama bin Laden  declared "holy war" against the West in a 1998 press conference that was videotaped by al-Qaida and aired Tuesday by CNN.  However, a Pakistani journalist who attended the press conference, held at an al-Qaida camp near Khost in southeastern Afghanistan, recalled that the taciturn bin Laden showed passion only when he spoke on two issues: U.S. troops in Saudi Arabia and Israel's control of Jerusalem

Iraq confirmed Abu Nidal's death, saying Tuesday that the feared Palestinian terrorist leader had committed suicide.  On Monday, two senior Palestinian officials said Abu Nidal a feared terrorist who targeted Israel, Palestinian Liberation Organization figures and Arab officials for associating with Israelis had been found dead of gunshot wounds three days earlier in his Baghdad house.

The Afghan government will send an investigative team to the site of a reported mass grave of hundreds of captured Taliban fighters suffocated in shipping containers in last fall's war, the Foreign Ministry said Tuesday.  The U.N. mission here, meanwhile, said its investigation of the alleged mass killing was suspended earlier this year until a program could be devised to protect eyewitnesses against reprisals.

A man accused of providing fake identification to two of the Sept. 11 hijackers was arrested at New York's Kennedy Airport after returning from Egypt.  Mohamed el-Atriss was taken into custody by U.S. Customs agents when they noticed a warrant from Passaic County.  El-Atriss flew `to Egypt in late July, hours before Passaic County authorities came to arrest him in a July 31 raid on his home and businesses

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August 21, 2002
President Bush, confronting skittish allies overseas and naysayers at home, asserted Wednesday that ousting Iraq's Saddam Hussein "is in the interests of the world" but indicated the United States is in no hurry

Despite widespread criticism, President Gen. Pervez Musharraf unilaterally amended the Pakistani constitution Wednesday, granting himself sweeping powers including the right to dissolve parliament and extending his term in office

Israeli forces arrested five members of an Islamic militant group, including a house painter, and accused them of planting a bomb at Hebrew University that killed five Americans and four Israelis

A top Iraqi Kurdish official said Wednesday that Arab radicals linked to al-Qaida were experimenting with chemical weapons for terror attacks in a laboratory in a remote part of Iraqi Kurdish territory.

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August 22, 2002
Nine Sept. 11 victims' families have accepted checks from the federal government's compensation fund.  The families that accepted the cash payout came from a pool of 25 applicants who received notice of their award in July from the Justice Department, which oversees the fund. Four are appealing their award and twelve have yet to respond

Zacarias Moussaoui, who has derided his court-appointed lawyers as "bloodsuckers," is working through an intermediary to get legal help from the attorneys he despises as he prepares for his Jan. 6 trial as an accused Sept. 11 conspirator

Despite his abrupt move to grab more power, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf is "still tight with us in the war against terror

The Palestinian Authority's security chief opened talks with 12 rival Palestinian factions Thursday seeking to forge a united front and get militant groups to stop bombing and shooting attacks in Israel.

Several small weapons caches have been found and three people detained during a hunt for al-Qaida members that began last weekend in southeastern Afghanistan

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August 23, 2002
A federal judge Friday denied a request by suspected Sept. 11 conspirator Zacarias Moussaoui to see classified material, saying she won't let someone who prays for destruction of the United States jeopardize national security.

The Palestinians have rejected a U.S. proposal to have their parliament choose a prime minister who could balance the power of Yasser Arafat and an official said Friday that sharp disagreements with Washington could jeopardize Palestinian elections planned for January

A man accused of providing phony IDs to two of the Sept. 11 hijackers pleaded innocent Friday to making and selling hundreds of fake drivers licenses, identification cards and other government documents.

President Bush will meet next week with Saudi Arabian Ambassador Prince Bandar as strains between their two countries complicate the president's plans to oust Iraq leader Saddam Hussein

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August 24, 2002
A 21-year-old Saudi man sought by the FBI on suspicion of associating with the Sept. 11 hijackers has surrendered to Saudi authorities

A doctor suspected of hatching an elaborate plot to blow up dozens of mosques and an Islamic education center had enough expertise and firepower to carry it out, police said Saturday.

Security forces discovered a suspected al-Qaida chemical laboratory in a Kabul neighborhood Saturday complete with explosives and suspicious documents

Israeli troops patrolling the West Bank city of Jenin killed one Palestinian militant and wounded two others in a shootout Saturday, hospital officials said, in one of several clashes overshadowing an agreement turning some Gaza Strip security duties over to Palestinians.

FBI agents investigating the leak of classified information have asked members of the Senate Intelligence Committee for telephone records, schedules and other documents indicating any conversations lawmakers had with reporters.

German investigators said Saturday they believe that Mohamed Atta and two other Sept. 11 hijackers trained at al-Qaida camps in Afghanistan from late 1999 to early 2000, providing their most detailed evidence yet of a link between the Hamburg terror cell and Osama bin Laden's network.

Pakistan is urging the United States to release 55 of the 58 Pakistani militants imprisoned at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, because the government believes they have no ties to al-Qaida

The trial of three militants accused in the car-bombing of the U.S. consulate, which killed 12 Pakistanis and injuring 50 people, opened Saturday with testimony from a police officer.

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August 25, 2002
Republicans sounded a mixed message Sunday for President Bush about whether, when and how to use military action to remove Saddam Hussein from power.

Government officials, environmental activists and business leaders promised Sunday the upcoming World Summit on Sustainable Development will be about action not just words to save the environment and combat poverty.

Afghan authorities are considering releasing hundreds of foreign prisoners, many of them suspected al-Qaida fighters, but those guarding them argue the men are still dangerous terrorists who should remain behind bars.

Israel's Supreme Court is increasingly being called on to determine how far Israel can go in policies aimed at stopping Palestinian violence, with the judges this week considering whether the military can expel relatives of Palestinian terror suspects from the West Bank.

A bomb exploded Sunday in a drainage ditch in front of a United Nations' guest house in the Afghan capital, injuring at least two Afghan civilians.  There was no damage to the U.N. International Committee Association guest house, which is home to 45 foreigners employed by the United Nations

The Saudi Interior Ministry on Sunday confirmed it is holding a 21-year-old Saudi man the FBI  is seeking for alleged links to the Sept. 11 hijackers.  Authorities are interrogating Saud Abdulaziz Saud al-Rasheed "and if it is proven that he was connected to terrorism, he will be referred to the sharia (Islamic) court

The top Democrat on the House Intelligence Committee said Sunday she was unaware of any request by the FBI  that committee members turn over records as part of an investigation into the leak of classified information.  Agents have asked members of the Senate Intelligence Committee for telephone records, schedules and other documents indicating any conversations that lawmakers had with reporters.

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August 26, 2002
Vice President Dick Cheney warned Monday that the United States could face devastating consequences from any delay in acting to remove Saddam Hussein as president of Iraq.

Seven Israeli Arabs have been arrested as suspected accomplices in a deadly suicide bombing, police said Monday, heightening concern of a growing alliance between members of their community and Palestinian militants.

Saying its original investigations were incomplete, the FBI plans this week to go back inside an anthrax-contaminated building owned by tabloid publisher American Media Inc., where an employee was fatally infected last fall

Israel's Supreme Court on Monday heard appeals against a new Israeli measure expelling relatives of Palestinian terror suspects from the West Bank to the Gaza Strip and the court's chief justice pledged a quick ruling.

Some private companies that screen airline passengers are charging more for their services now that the government is footing the bill, says a federal report that found one company nearly doubled its rates.  The Transportation Department's inspector general also found cases where the companies billed the government for absent employees and work that was never completed. And it found lax oversight by government officials.

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August 27, 2002
President Bush confronted Saudi Arabia's top diplomat Tuesday over Iraq and other issues chilling relations between the uneasy allies, calling Saddam Hussein "a menace to the world."

A suspicious powder spilled from an envelope opened Tuesday at Al Gore's Nashville office in what one FBI agent referred to as an "anthrax hoax case."

Israel would allow the Palestinian parliament to convene a special session to set a date for elections and discuss political reforms

Two men listed for months as missing in the Sept. 11 attack on the World Trade Center have been discovered alive in area hospitals, In addition, the city medical examiner's office said a revised list of the missing and dead is expected to reflect at least five similar cases when it is released next week.

Two military jets escorted a US Airways flight to Baltimore-Washington International Airport after a "miscommunication" Tuesday between the pilot and air traffic controllers

Federal agents wearing protective gear entered the quarantined home of The National Enquirer on Tuesday to start preparations for their new detailed search for clues to the source of deadly anthrax contamination.

America's allies in the Arab world fear a U.S. strike on Iraq would thrust their already unstable neighborhood into chaos, and they and others are urging Baghdad to act to avoid war even as U.S. rhetoric grows tougher.

Although post-Sept. 11 legal challenges are just coming to judgment nearly a year after the terror attacks, the early going has produced more defeats than victories for Bush lawyers. In a handful of cases, judges have cast skeptical eyes on administration arguments that threats to national security justify maximum secrecy or a lessening of previously recognized freedoms.

Small business owners downtown are still trying to get back on their feet after the Sept. 11 attack and an economic slowdown. An estimated 1,200 to 2,000 small businesses, including about 600 in the twin towers, have been wiped out, according to From the Ground Up, a small business advocacy group

The federal appeals court in Cincinnati declared yesterday that the Bush administration acted unlawfully in holding hundreds of deportation hearings in secret based only on the government's assertion that the people involved may have links to terrorism.  The decision, which was laced with stinging language questioning the administration's commitment to an open democracy, is the first major appellate ruling on the government's legal tactics concerning Sept. 11.

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August 28, 2002
Intelligence agencies have received "credible reports" that terrorists are planning to strike in Pakistan on or around the anniversary of the Sept. 11 terror attacks in New York and Washington

Israeli forces fired cannons at large metal tubes floating in the Mediterranean on Wednesday, trying to intercept a suspected weapons shipment headed for the Gaza Strip.

The Bush administration is casting Iraqi President Saddam Hussein as a menace who cannot be appeased and suggesting that it may not wait for full allied support before launching an attack.

Federal grand juries charged six men with conspiring to support Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida network Wednesday as the government escalated its efforts to stifle the flow of money and assistance from U.S. soil to overseas terrorist groups

Four Palestinians, including a mother and two of her sons, were killed early Thursday when Israeli tank shells landed in a Beduin encampment near an Israeli settlement

The top Republican on the Senate Armed Services committee said Wednesday he wants Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld to appear before the panel to discuss how prepared U.S. forces are for a war against Iraq.

Italy froze 25 bank accounts linked to the Al-Qaida terrorist network Thursday, in a coordinated move with the U.S. government, the 25 accounts belong to 11 individuals and 14 companies.  This operation brings to a total of $112 million the assets frozen globally since Sept. 11, the Ministry said, adding 234 supporters of the terror network have been uncovered.

The State Department will host a two-day conference next week to explore the roots of anti-Americanism worldwide.  Spokesman Richard Boucher said about 20 scholars from the United States and abroad will share their thoughts with 50 State Department officials.  The conference is the culmination of a project conducted by the department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research.

German authorities filed charges on Wednesday against a man who has El Motassadeq, 28, was arrested at his Hamburg apartment on Nov. 28. Investigators believe he had "intensive contacts" with Sept. 11 hijackers Mohamed Atta, Marwan Al-Shehhi and Ziad Jarrah who had all lived in Hamburg. been in jail since last fall on suspicion he was connected to the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks.  

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August 29, 2002
Osama bin Laden was probably killed in a US air attack in eastern Afghanistan earlier this year, Pakistan's security officials have concluded in their latest assessment of the whereabouts of leaders of Qaeda'.  According to senior government officials, the presumed mastermind behind the September 11 attacks - who was said by some analysts to be suffering from a serious kidney ailment at the time - is unlikely to have survived the intense US bombardment of the militants' mountainous Tora Bora camp in eastern Afghanistan.

German authorities have evidence the Hamburg al-Qaida cell that included three of the Sept. 11 suicide pilots was planning an attack on the World Trade Center as early as April or May 2000, the country's federal prosecutor said Thursday. Announcing charges against Mounir El Motassadeq, the only person apprehended in Germany in connection with the attacks, federal Prosecutor Kay Nehm said the Hamburg hijackers were planning an attack on the United States in October 1999 and had chosen their target six months later.

Efforts to stem funding to the al-Qaeda terrorist network have stalled according to a United Nations draft report.  The report, written by a UN panel responsible for monitoring the enforcement of an arms, travel and financial embargo against al-Qaeda and related terrorist groups, alleges that some $10m has been blocked to the group in the past eight months and that $112m in assets belonging to the network and its associates have been frozen.  The al-Qaida terror network has the money and recruits to strike again whenever and wherever it wants because a global campaign and U.N. sanctions have failed to stop the financing and support for Osama bin Laden's backers

The Bush administration struggled Thursday with an increasingly skeptical Congress and international community as it tried to gain support for deposing President Saddam Hussein of Iraq.

The Bush administration backed off a proposal Thursday to restrict foreign air carriers from flying over the three Sept. 11 crash sites during the anniversary of the attacks

Negotiations can still avert a possible U.S. attack on Iraq, Iraq's vice president said as his country pressed ahead with its diplomatic campaign and the United States got more advice to proceed with caution.  "There's still room for diplomatic solutions to avert a war with the United States," Ramadan said during a brief visit to the northern Syrian city of Homs. Iraq, he added, was ready for dialogue, not surrender.

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August 30, 2002
Iraq's vice president said Friday that his country will not fall as easily as Afghanistan did, warning that Iraqis will fight "tooth and nail" against any U.S. invasion.  The Iraqi military is digging in to protect Baghdad in what U.S. officials describe as the biggest buildup of defenses around the city since the Gulf War.

The Palestinian security chief called for an end to suicide bombings against Israel, denouncing "murders for no reason," in an interview published Friday in an Israeli newspaper.

For the sixth time in a week, coalition aircraft bombed an Iraqi defense facility in one of the no-fly zones patrolled for a decade by U.S. and British pilots.  Coalition aircraft used precision-guided weapons Friday to strike a surface-to-air missile site in the southern zone near Al Kut, 150 miles southeast of Baghdad, U.S. Central Command said in a statement. Officials said it was a response to Iraqi attacks on a pilot patrolling the zone.

Overnight discussion at the World Summit turned heated when the European Union said government ministers, not summit negotiators, should debate contentious issues including the environment and poverty

Despite a reduction in fighting, American troops are chipping away at al-Qaida forces, and even if they don't capture Osama bin Laden, "we are going to shut down his terrorist apparatus

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August 31, 2002
An Israeli helicopter fired missiles at a car Saturday, killing five Palestinians including a militant and two children, witnesses said. Elsewhere in the West Bank, a Palestinian gunman infiltrated a Jewish settlement, wounding two people before he was killed.

Germany has told the United States it will withhold evidence against Sept. 11 conspiracy defendant Zacarias Moussaoui unless it receives assurances that the material won't be used to secure a death penalty against him,

John Walker Lindh's lawyers say he is telling federal agents everything he knows, and he wants Americans to forgive him for joining the Taliban military.

A Swedish man of Tunisian origin who was arrested with a gun in his carryon luggage at a Swedish airport once attended a U.S. flight school and has a criminal record.  The 29-year-old suspect, identified by his lawyer as Kerim Chatty, was being held on a preliminary charge of planning to hijack a plane and illegal possession of a firearm after he was detained Thursday

Caught between American leaders' increasingly stern talk on Iraq and doubts at home about the wisdom of going to war, Prime Minister Tony Blair said Saturday he didn't yet know how best to ensure Saddam Hussein does not maintain weapons of mass destruction.  The prime minister insisted the world would not stand by while the Iraqi leader violated U.N. resolutions on the weapons, but said he had not decided whether military action was the way to stop him.

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