November 2001










































NOVEMBER 1, 2001
California Gov. Gray Davis says law enforcement officials have ``credible evidence'' terrorists may be targeting four of the state's bridges. The FBI, however, says authorities have not yet corroborated the information but decided to issue a warning

U.S. jets raid Kabul for the first time in four days, striking targets in the northern edge of the Afghan capital.

The government reveals all 19 terrorist hijackers in the Sept. 11 attacks had Social Security numbers and 13 obtained them legally.

Turkey, NATO's sole Muslim member, says it will dispatch special forces trained to fight guerrillas on mountainous terrain in Afghanistan.

The latest official count of victims at the World Trade Center includes 3,923 people missing and 495 bodies identified.

Investigators say the anthrax bacteria that killed a New York hospital worker were virtually identical to germs found in letters to New York news outlets and the Senate majority leader

Anthrax contamination is found at a postal facility in Kansas City, Mo., a private, mail-related company in Indiana and four FDA mailrooms in suburban Maryland. A laboratory in Lithuania confirms that traces were found in at least one mailbag from the U.S. Embassy, the first such discovery

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NOVEMBER 2, 2001
President Bush says American airstrikes in Afghanistan won't pause during the Muslim observance of Ramadan; American B-52 bombers pummel Taliban front lines north of the capital

Congressional leaders decide to temporarily deploy the National Guard around the Capitol, marking the fourth time in history that troops protected the building.

The nation's 17th case of anthrax is confirmed in New York City as top health officials say they expect more people to fall ill.

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NOVEMBER 3, 2001
U.S. jets blast the Taliban on two fronts. Opposition commanders said the bombardment was weakening Taliban defenses of the capital

In videotaped statement, Osama bin Laden says Arab leaders who turn to United Nations for peace negotiations renounce Islam

As a precaution, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention epidemiologists go to Arizona for conclusion of World Series.

Angry firefighters punched police officers and tried to storm Ground Zero yesterday in a protest against the city's decision to limit the number of rescue workers at the World Trade Center site. A dozen firefighters were arrested after they overturned police barricades as the rally turned into a melee just a block from the still-smoking wreckage


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NOVEMBER 4, 2001
More U.S. special forces enter Afghanistan to support anti-Taliban rebels. Top commanders say Taliban weakening but still controls substantial troops, At least 1,500 armed Pakistani tribesmen cross into neighboring Afghanistan to join Taliban.

Senior Arab officials at gathering of foreign ministers say Osama bin Laden is waging war against the world and does not represent Arabs and Muslims.

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NOVEMBER 5, 2001
B-52 bombers and other U.S. warplanes hammer away at Taliban positions near the southern city of Kandahar and outside the northern city of Taloqan, once the opposition's capital but now held by the Taliban. The opposition presses its attack on three fronts near Mazar-e-Sharif -- but the rebel fighters concede they are facing stiff Taliban resistance around the key northern city

Turkey will try 12 Islamic militants, some of whom attempted to travel to Afghanistan to fight against the United States, on charges of radical Islamic activities, police officials say.

The Interpol expert on a U.N. panel that investigated illegal gunrunning and diamond-dealing in Liberia says Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida terrorist network may have used diamonds to move money.

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NOVEMBER 6, 2001
After U.S. warplanes clear the way with intensive bombing, Afghan opposition forces claim the capture of several key towns on the road to Mazar-e-Sharif. It is their first reported significant advance against Taliban defenses.

Secretary of State Donald Rumsfeld says the United States has more than doubled the number of its special forces troops on the ground in Afghanistan in the past week. Pentagon officials say the total remains below 100.

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NOVEMBER 7, 2001
Afghan opposition fighters claim they are edging closer to the strategic northern city of Mazar-e-Sharif; U.S. special forces report Northern Alliance fighters on horseback charged Taliban tanks and armored personnel carriers.

The Postal Service raises to $1.25 million its reward for information leading to the arrest of whomever is responsible for the anthrax-by-mail attacks. Authorities disclose receiving roughly 10,000 anthrax hoaxes and arresting 25 people as a result.

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NOVEMBER 8, 2001
U.S. jets strike Taliban targets across northern Afghanistan and fierce fighting is reported around the Taliban-held city of Mazar-e-Sharif, cornerstone of the Islamic militia's control of the north.

The nation's major airlines say they have finished installing bars and other equipment to strengthen cockpit doors.

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NOVEMBER 9, 2001
The opposition proclaims victory over the Taliban in Mazar-e-Sharif, the most significant prize in northern Afghanistan.

The Defense Department says it plans to expand humanitarian relief efforts in Afghanistan during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.

President Bush says the number of National Guardsmen at airports will increase from nearly 7,000 to more than 9,000 for Thanksgiving and Christmas

Amid criticism of charities linked to the World Trade Center attacks, the head of the New York-based September 11th Fund announces it has distributed nearly $50 million.

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NOVEMBER 10, 2001
Northern Alliance rebels capture more territory in north Afghanistan and plan a drive toward Kabul.

President Bush urged all U.N. members to join the war against terrorism in a speech to the General Assembly, promised more aid to Pakistan and told the Northern Alliance not to capture Kabul.

Taliban officials confirm they left Mazar-e Sharif to rebels.

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NOVEMBER 11, 2001
Opposition forces say they have the Taliban on the run across much of northern Afghanistan, as the ruling Islamic militia abandons strongholds and withdraws south toward Kabul. U.S. officials warn that a counterattack is possible. 

Osama bin Laden says he had nothing to do with the anthrax attacks in the United States, and declares he would never allow himself to be captured, in the second part of an interview published in a Pakistani newspaper.

President Bush, touring the World Trade Center's smoking rubble two months after suicide hijackings, calls on Americans to remember ``the terrible harm that an enemy can inflict'' as they reflect on the sacrifices of the military.

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NOVEMBER 12, 2001
Opposition forces break through Taliban front lines and push to the gates of the capital, Kabul, after a string of stunning victories in northern Afghanistan. The ruling Islamic militia circles the mile-high city with tanks to defend against an all-out assault.

U.S. warplanes press ahead with strikes in support of the Afghan opposition, targeting any Taliban vehicle or tank fleeing south toward Kabul, the captain of the USS Theodore Roosevelt says. 

The United States, Russia and six nations that border Afghanistan pledge ``to establish a broad-based Afghan administration on an urgent basis'' to take interim control of Kabul. The United Nations might take interim control of the capital, and Muslim and non-Muslim nations are likely to join with Turkey in providing peacekeepers, officials say. 

American Airlines A-300 Airbus jetliner, bound from New York City to Santo Domingo with 260 people aboard, plunges into residential neighborhood in Rockaway Peninsula in Queens minutes after leaving Kennedy International Airport at 9:14 am killing all aboard and unknown number on ground; eyewitnesses say burning engine separated from plane and plummeted to ground shortly before crash; federal officials say crash is being investigated as accident; do not rule out terrorism, sabotage or other criminal acts;

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NOVEMBER 13, 2001
Opposition forces enter and take capital city of Kabul. Pentagon says all of northern Afghanistan under rebel control except for pockets of resistance. Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld says a small number of U.S. troops are in Kabul, helping the Northern Alliance rebels who drove out the Taliban. 

Residents of Kabul, freed of the Taliban's restrictions, celebrate by blaring music from radios and shaving their beards. 

United Nations calls for a two-year transitional government for Afghanistan backed by a multinational security force, while world leaders say the world body should have a leading role in the war-ravaged nation's peace process. 

United Nations reports that hundreds died as the Northern Alliance wrested control of Mazar-e-Sharif from the Taliban. World body says it has unconfirmed reports of outright lawlessness and summary executions of Taliban soldiers.

Spain's Interior Minister says police arrested 11 members of a group that allegedly recruited people to carry out terrorist attacks and whose leader was identified as Osama bin Laden's representative in Spain.

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NOVEMBER 14, 2001
The Taliban's enemies take over military and police headquarters in Kabul and wrest control of the eastern city of Jalalabad. In the south, there are signs that tribes once aligned with the hardline Islamic regime are joining the revolt.

The British government presents a dossier laying out evidence against Osama bin Laden, including excerpts from a videotaped message in which the al-Qaida leader allegedly comes close to admitting responsibility for the Sept. 11 attacks.

U.S. warplanes temporarily shift their focus from hitting Taliban targets to trying to distinguish between civilian and military convoys on the move across Afghanistan's fluid front lines.

The first aid shipment across the Uzbek-Afghan border arrives in Hairaton, Afghanistan, greeted by cheers from men lining the banks of the Amu-Darya River.

The American Red Cross reverses course and says all of the more than half-billion dollars in donations that poured into its Liberty Fund will go to people harmed by the attacks.

Eight foreign aid workers, including two Americans, held by the Taliban for preaching Christianity, are airlifted to freedom by U.S. military helicopters.

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NOVEMBER 15, 2001
Northern Alliance forces and Pashtun tribesmen encircle two of the Taliban's last remaining strongholds at opposite ends of the country.

American and allied forces are closing in on leaders of Osama bin Laden's terrorist network with focused airstrikes, timely intelligence and an active hunt by U.S. special operations troops, senior Pentagon officials say

Pakistan moves tanks and additional soldiers to secure its border with Afghanistan and prevent Osama bin Laden or his fighters from leaving.

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NOVEMBER 16, 2001
 U.S. officials say they believe Osama bin Laden's military chief, Mohammed Atef, was killed in an American airstrike.

Taliban leader Mullah Mohammed Omar reportedly agrees to leave Kandahar and turn over the southern city to Pashtun leaders.

Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld says U.S. special forces troops are engaging in ground combat in Afghanistan, ``killing Taliban that won't surrender.

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NOVEMBER 17, 2001
The Afghan president ousted five years ago by the Taliban returns to the capital to reclaim his post.

The Taliban envoy to Pakistan says Osama bin Laden has left Afghanistan, but U.S. officials are skeptical.

In the north, U.S jets strike around Kunduz, the only other city still held by the Taliban.

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NOVEMBER 18, 2001
The Taliban offer to surrender their last northern stronghold if Arab and other foreign fighters loyal to Osama bin Laden in the city are spared.

A Spanish magistrate jails eight men accused of involvement in the Sept. 11 attacks and charges them with belonging to Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida network.

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NOVEMBER 19, 2001
Northern Alliance tightens its siege on the last Taliban bastion in north, Kunduz, where Osama bin Laden loyalists were preventing Taliban surrender. 

Pakistani diplomatic source says conference of Afghan factions set for Nov. 24 in Germany, most likely Berlin.

President Bush signs legislation to put airport baggage screeners on federal payroll. 

The Pentagon hopes Taliban collapse and millions in U.S. reward money will motivate Afghans to help find Osama bin Laden.

Creators of 100 syndicated comic strips to use Thanksgiving Day panels to pay tribute to heroes and victims of Sept. 11.

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NOVEMBER 20, 2001
Pakistan orders Taliban to close its last two consulates, calling them ``unnecessary'' with Taliban rule mostly collapsed.

Jordanian authorities hold two men, pursue three others in alleged plot to blow up resort hotels near Petra; sources say plan was linked to Sept. 11 attacks. Jordan will also send troops to Afghanistan for humanitarian effort, making it first Arab country with ground soldiers in Afghanistan.

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NOVEMBER 21, 2001
The United States and its allies move to seal off potential escape routes for Osama bin Laden from Afghanistan

Connecticut woman, 94, dies of inhalation anthrax, the fifth victim in the nation.

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NOVEMBER 22, 2001
Anti-Taliban officials say Taliban commanders have agreed to let Northern Alliance troops oversee a surrender of Kunduz. Alliance fighters, apparently unaware of the breakthrough, launch an offensive outside Kunduz just as details of the agreement emerge

Pakistan shuts the Taliban's embassy in Islamabad, leaving the Taliban without diplomatic ties to a single nation.

Pentagon spokesman says 75 U.S. aircraft struck Taliban military forces, tunnels and caves in recent attacks, concentrating on Kandahar in the south and the Jalalabad area in the east.

Britain becomes the first Western country to open a diplomatic mission in Afghanistan, and the top diplomat says he hopes to speed up the flow of aid to the country.

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NOVEMBER 23, 2001
Spain will not extradite al-Qaida suspects without guarantees from the U.S. that they won't face the death penalty or trial in a military court.

The first of six U.S. Air Force aircraft lands in Burgas, Bulgaria, to support humanitarian operations in Afghanistan.

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NOVEMBER 24, 2001
Alliance officials say more than 1,100 Taliban and foreign fighters surrendered near Kunduz under a deal negotiated with the Islamic militia's senior commanders.

U.S. airstrikes continue pounding suspected terrorist hide-outs among Afghanistan's tunnels and caves

The most senior Taliban member to defect so far blames Osama bin Laden and Taliban hard-liners for transforming Afghanistan into a terrorist haven and bringing on a disastrous war with the United States.

The European Union and Pakistan agree there can be no talk of deploying a multinational force in Afghanistan until a multiethnic government has been agreed upon for the country. 

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NOVEMBER 25, 2001
Northern Alliance officials say they've seized the Taliban's last northern stronghold, Kunduz, after a two-week siege

The first wave of U.S. Marines land near the Taliban stronghold of Kandahar. The Marines, numbering in the ``low hundreds,'' are to be followed by several hundred more from Navy ships in the Arabian Sea.

American airstrikes help subdue an uprising by Taliban prisoners of war at a fortress in northern Afghanistan; hundreds of the foreign Taliban prisoners are killed. The Pentagon says no U.S. military personnel were killed.

Pakistani officials say police sealed an office of the Afghan Taliban in the port city of Karachi in an overnight raid and arrested 15 Afghans.

Three Japanese warships leave port to support the U.S.-led campaign in Afghanistan under a new law that loosens post-World War II restrictions on Japan's military.

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NOVEMBER 26, 2001
About 500 U.S. Marines take an airstrip in southern Afghanistan, near Kandahar. They later go into combat for the first time, sending helicopter gunships to attack armored vehicles near their new base.

The FBI warns energy companies that bin Laden may have approved plans to attack North American natural gas pipelines and facilities if he's captured or killed.

President Bush says the war in Afghanistan is ``just the beginning'' of the fight against terrorism, and he warns Iraq and North Korea there would be consequences for producing weapons of mass destruction.

Spain's police chief says that two key suspects in Spanish custody met in Madrid shortly before Sept. 11 and knew that the World Trade Center and the Pentagon were targets.

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NOVEMBER 27, 2001
Talks begin among four Afghan factions in Germany on a post-Taliban government. A U.S. official says all sides favor giving Afghanistan's former king a role as a unifying figure.

Northern Alliance forces claim to have ended a three-day uprising by Taliban prisoners with the help of U.S. airstrikes and special forces. U.S. military officials say 30 to 40 prisoners are still holding out. 

The United States has identified more than 40 sites inside Afghanistan where loyalists to Osama bin Laden may have been conducting research on chemical, biological or nuclear weapons, Gen. Tommy Franks says. 

Attorney General John Ashcroft says his department continues to detain more than 550 people on immigration violations or other federal charges in the terrorism investigation. Some detainees are believed to be members of bin Laden's network.

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NOVEMBER 28, 2001
German police arrest Mounir El Motassadeq at his Hamburg apartment on charges he controlled an account used to bankroll several of the Sept. 11 hijackers and had ``intensive contacts'' with the terrorist cell. 

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NOVEMBER 29, 2001
Northern Alliance forces capture the son of Omar Abdel-Rahman, an Egyptian cleric serving life in prison for conspiring to assassinate Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and blow up New York landmarks. 

The House passes legislation to help the insurance industry cover the cost of claims from any future terrorist attacks. A competing bill is introduced in the Senate.

The Northern Alliance drops its rejection of international security forces, moving closer to a power-sharing agreement in a new Afghanistan government.

Rebuilding the World Trade Center won't begin until after 2002 because the work to find victims and evidence and remove debris is time-consuming, says John Whitehead, the incoming chairman of the new Lower Manhattan Redevelopment Corp.

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NOVEMBER 30, 2001
In Germany, Afghan leaders say they still hope to reach an agreement on an interim government despite refusal by Northern Alliance officials in Kabul to approve a list of candidates for top positions. The U.N. rejects a request from the alliance delegation for a 10-day suspension to return to Kabul to consult with leaders.

Pashtun fighters report they captured 80 Taliban soldiers and their equipment. The tribal militias seem to be holding back in hopes that U.S. bombing let them advance without a fight. They also sought to talk Taliban soldiers into laying down their arms, with little success.

Traces of anthrax are discovered on a letter sent to a home near that of a 94-year-old Connecticut woman who died of inhalation anthrax. Health officials speculate that contaminated mail may have caused Ottilie Lundgren's death

Attorney General John Ashcroft says he is considering a plan to relax restrictions on the FBI's spying on religious and political organizations in the United States.

he New York Police Department has ordered all 55,000 employees, including uniformed officers, to attend mental health counseling to relieve the stress and strain imposed by the attack on the World Trade Center and its aftermath. The counseling sessions, the first to be made mandatory for everyone in the nation's largest police force, are partly inspired by a similar plan used for rescue workers after the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995 and will be financed by the Police Foundation, a private nonprofit service group for officers, and conducted by mental health professionals at Columbia University.

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